Košice region

Košice region
Size: 6,753 sq. kilometres
Population: 773,086
Density: 115 / sq. km
Unemployment rate: 15.9%*
Average monthly wage: Sk18,882 (€581)*
Average wage, Slovakia: Sk20,146 (€620)*
Share of Slovak GDP creation: 12.1% **
FDI: Sk1.113 billion (€34.3 million)
Share of Slovak FDI in 2006: 1.8%

Sources: Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic and Slovak National Bank, all figures current to December 31, 2006, except for * 2007 and ** 2005

The Košice Region
The Košice region is a largely flat area in the southeast of Slovakia bordering on Ukraine and Hungary. With a population of 773,000, it is the second largest region while with about one third of the total inhabitants of the region, the capital Košice is Slovakia's second largest city and is the industrial anchor of the east of the country.
The terrain consists of two main land systems - the Východoslovenská nížina (Eastern Slovak Lowlands) and the Spiš and Gemer karst. The western part of this hilly area forms the Slovenské rudohorie mountains, known for their ore deposits, while the eastern half, the Slanské mountains divide the region in two.
The largest river in the region is the Bodrog, which starts at the Zemplínska šírava (Zemplín Sea) manmade lake and drains the lowlands south to Hungary; Hornád, which flows from the Spiš area through Margecany and Košice; and the Slaná, which flows south from Rožňava and the western part of the region.

The Košice self-governing region is made up of 11 districts, 17 towns and 440 municipalities. The region is the second largest generator of exports and GDP in Slovakia. The local economy is based on industry and agriculture, but is dominated by metallurgy, which accounts for 60 percent of total industrial production. Other important sectors include chemical and electro-technical production, as well as extraction of the black and brown coal and gas deposits around Michalovce.
In the western part of the region, around Rožňava, Krompachy, Rudňany and Gelnica, mining and smelting are the principal activities, followed by the production of machinery and construction materials. The rich land of the Eastern Slovakia Lowlands supports grains and oil-producing plants such as sunflowers, and grapes in Slovenské Nové Mesto (the heart of Slovakia's Tokaj region) and Sobrance.

Košice, Spišská Nová Ves, Rožňava, Krásna Hôrka Castle, Betliar Mansion, the Slovenský raj (Slovak Paradise), Markušovce Manor House, Spiš Castle included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, caves included in the UNESCO World Heritage List (Krásnohorská Cave, Dobšinská Ice Cave, Ochtinská Aragonite Cave, Domica Cave, Gombasecká Cave, Jasovká Cave), Tokaj (wine micro-region), Herľany geyser