The area around Bratislava has become internationally known as the home of folk majolica, a particular style of ceramics produced since the 16th century, particularly centred on the towns of Pezinok and Modra. The craft was brought to the area by the Habans, a branch of Anabaptists, who fled persecution in Germany, Switzerland and the Netherlands to settle in Western Slovakia. Even though the Habans moved on, their skills transferred to local artists, who have continued the production to this day.
The products – plates, bowls and cups, as well as more elaborate figurines, etc. – are made from clay and are something between regular porcelain and terracotta. The clay is spun on a potter's wheel, and then fired in a kiln, as usual. But then a glaze of melted glass is applied that covers the red pottery in a white sheen. Various patterns are then hand-painted onto the white coating, traditionally in greens, blues and yellows. Any red indicates a more expensive product, since the red paint is derived from gold.