Slovakia, officially named the Slovak Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Europe with a population of over five million and an area
of about 49,000 square
kilometres. The largest
city is Bratislava,
Slovakia is divided into 8 regions, each of which is named after its regional capital. The regions are subdivided into many districts. In the past, Slovakia had 79 districts, which are no longer part of the official administrative system, but the country has maintained them for different purposes.
In terms of economy and unemployment rate, the western regions are more prosperous than the east. Slovakia is best known for its pistine nature in the countryside: mountains make up two-thirds of its land, 40 percent of which is covered by forests.
The region of Bratislava is the country's smallest in terms of area, but its most densely settled and urbanised, with 296 inhabitants per square kilometre, about three times the Slovak average. Bratislava, the capital, had a population of 426,091, or 70 percent of the total inhabitants of the region. The Bratislava region is bordered by the Danube to the south and the Morava to the west. It consists of the Záhorie lowlands in the far west of the country and the Podunajská nížina (Danube lowlands) towards the Hungarian south, divided by the heavily forested Malé Karpaty (Small Carpathian mountains) range.
The south-west Trnava region is a strangely shaped body of land that encloses Bratislava region and borders on the Czech Republic, Austria and Hungary. It is the second smallest region after Bratislava, and the smallest in terms of area.
The south-central Nitra region is Slovakia's agricultural heartland. Flatter and warmer than the rest of the country, its soil and terrain are best suited to farming.
The north-west Žilina region is a rugged area that borders on the Czech Republic and Poland. It includes no fewer than seven mountain ranges: the Tatry and Nízke tatry (Tatras and the Low Tatras), the Veľká and Malá Fatra (Greater and Lesser Fatras), the Chočské vrchy (Choč Mountains), the Javorníky and the Strážovské vrchy (Strážov Mountains). The region is also dominated by national parks
Banská Bystrica region, the country's largest in terms of area, lies in the southern part of Central Slovakia. With its extensive forests and hilly terrain, it is the least densely settled region.
The north-east Prešov region is Slovakia's most physically spectacular, but poor and sparsely settled as well. It borders on Poland and Ukraine, and contains five national parks. Less than half of the inhabitants of the region live in urban settings.
Košice region is a largely flat and poor area in the southeast of Slovakia bordering on Ukraine and Hungary. With a population of 773,000, it is the second largest region while with about one third of the total inhabitants of the region, the capital Košice is Slovakia's second largest city and is the industrial anchor of the east of the country.
The north-west Trenčín region is a relatively wealthy and developed part of Slovakia, bordering on the Czech Republic. It is hilly but not rugged, and has an unusually high (55 percent) proportion of inhabitants employed in industry, making it the second most heavily industrialised region after Bratislava.
The Austrian company Soravia has opened a new retail zone in Liptovský Mikuláš in northern Slovakia, the Retail Park Liptovský Mikuláš. It is 9,000 square metres and is the first investment by the Austrian developer outside Bratislava. The investment totalling €22 million has created 100 jobs so far.
At the end of the second quarter of 2018, apartments under construction numbered 76,000 in Slovakia. This is the highest number since 1996 when the Slovak Statistics Office began to register this data. Because the figure for residential real estate under construction in the early 1990s was low, figures from the second quarter of this year are the highest since the launch of independent Slovakia in 1993, the Trend weekly reported.
Construction of a brand new bus station and the extensive reconstruction of Mlynské Nivy Street are going according to plan.
The PNK Group, an international developer of industrial and logistics real estate from Russia, has joined the European real estate market by constructing a new industrial park called PNK Park Sereď in western Slovakia. Spanning 45,000 square metres of industrial space, the park offers premises for various uses: storage, distribution centres and light industry assembly halls.
After the British carmaker Jaguar Land Lover (JLR) announced its plan to build a brand new plant in Nitra, local real estate prices skyrocketed. Now the situation seems to be calming down. This is because the central bank has tightened conditions for taking out mortgages as well as developers announcing projects for the construction of new apartments.
Fewer than 3,000 new apartments are available on the market of new residential buildings in Bratislava, which is the lowest figure for the past two years. As demand for new apartments is still relatively lively, prices for new units continue to grow slightly, the TASR newswire cited the real estate agency LEXXUS.